Step to recover OCR & Voting Disk When It got corrupted

When we have lost or having a corruption issue on the OCR & VOTING Disk, we have follow the below procedure to bring it back.

When using an ASM disk group for CRS there are typically 3 different types of files located in the disk group that potentially need to be restored/recreated for function of the cluster.
Oracle Cluster Registry file (OCR)
Voting files
 Shared SPFILE for the ASM instances
In this scenario, we are trying to restore the corrupted OCR Disk & Voting Disk from the backup.

Step #1 Stop cluster on each node(Root user).

# crsctl stop crs -f

Step #2 we are starting the cluster in the excusive mode(Root user)

As root start GI in exclusive mode on one node only:
In 11201 RAC, we have to use below option to start the cluster in the exclusive mode.
# crsctl start crs -excl

In 11202 RAC, we have to use below option to start the cluster in the exclusive mode.
# crsctl start crs -excl -nocrs

Note: A new option ‘-nocrs’ has been introduced with, which prevents the start of the ora.crsd resource. It is vital that this option is specified; otherwise the failure to start the ora.crsd resource will tear down ora.cluster_interconnect.haip, which in turn will cause ASM to crash.

If you don’t have the OCR DISK GROUP, then create it else move to restoring OCR DISK


To Know the OCR Location on the cluster environment
$ cat /etc/oracle/ocr.loc  — In Linux

To Check whether ocrcheck is corrupted or not

# ocrcheck

Check whether ocrcheck is able to complete it successfully

# ocrcheck
Status of Oracle Cluster Registry is as follows :
         Version                  :          3
         Total space (kbytes)     :     262120
         Used space (kbytes)      :       4404
         Available space (kbytes) :     257716
         ID                       : 1306201859
         Device/File Name         :  +OCR_VOTE
                                    Device/File integrity check succeeded
                                    Device/File not configured
                                    Device/File not configured
                                    Device/File not configured
                                    Device/File not configured
         Cluster registry integrity check succeeded

         Logical corruption check succeeded

Note: 1) Check whether cluster registry integrity check is successful.
          2) When you run as oracle user, logical corruption check will be bypassed. You can see this line end of the “ocrcheck” output.

Recreate the Voting file (root user)
The Voting file needs to be initialized in the CRS disk group
# crsctl replace votedisk +OCR_DISK
Note: 1) Above command will Re-create/move your voting disk in the specified ASM Disk Group, if you query the voting disk it will display your voting disk location in the DISK Group which has been specified above.
2)  Voting File is that it is no longer supported to take a manual backup of it with dd.  Instead, the Voting File gets backed up automatically into the OCR.

Query Voting Disk location

# $GRID_HOME/bin/crsctl query css votedisk

Note: You cannot create more than 1 voting disk in the same or on another/different Disk group disk when using External Redundancy in 11.2. The rules are as follows:
External = 1 voting disk
Normal= 3 voting disk
High= 5 voting disk

Step #5 Stop & start the cluster

Shutdown CRS è CRS is running in exclusive mode, it needs to be shutdown (Root User).

# crsctl stop crs -f

Start CRS è Start the CRS in one node, if everything is ok then start the CRS in other nodes (root user).

# crsctl start crs

CRS Status è Once it is start, you can check the status of the CRS(Root / Oracle user)

# crsctl stat res –t –init      à if you are checking for one node
# crsctl check cluster –all  à if you are checking for entire cluster.

  • October 15, 2017 | 16 views
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